Orthopaedic Knee Review

Appendix A – Arthroscopy of the Knee

Introduction Arthroscopy of the knee is an operation in which a small camera, and possibly surgical instruments, are inserted into the knee through two or three small puncture wounds.  Understanding what the basic procedure entails is straightforward if we look at the etymology of the word.  arthro- :  relating to joints  scopy: viewing, observation or…

Orthopaedic Knee Review

Patello Femoral Problems

A synopsis of diagnosis and management – Introduction The patello femoral compartment of the knee is a common source of pain and symptoms in the knee. The aim of this section is to provide a simple guide and outline for the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with anterior knee pain. In general pain can…

Orthopaedic Knee Review

Meniscal Injuries

Introduction The meniscus, or footballer’s cartilage, is the protective shim between the femur and tibia. It is classically injured in a weight bearing twisting type mechanism.  The main function of the meniscus is to protect the articulating surfaces of the bone by distributing the load across the joint.  The lateral meniscus is the most important…

Orthopaedic Knee Review

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Introduction Total knee replacement (TKR) has now become a very common and successful procedure for managing the severely arthritic knee. Pain relief is generally excellent and the level of function that a patient can expect is improving with advances in both the surgical technique and in rehabilitation. This means that knee replacement is being offered…

Orthopaedic Knee Review

Orthopaedic Knee Review

The Knee – a review of current practiceInformation written by Tim SpaldingUpdated by Adam Pearce, 3rd Year Medical Student 6th Edition -February 2015 Contents Acute knee injuries: Diagnosing the Torn ACL in the Acute Knee Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Knee Replacement Meniscal Injuries Patello-Femoral Problems Appendix A – Arthroscopy of the Knee           …