Additional procedures can treat problems of the joint surface damage, joint instability or when the leg is out of alignment. When the transplantation operation is performed in conjunction with other procedures the rehabilitation program may change.
The procedure possibilities include:
• Surgical procedures to repair the joint surface such as microfracture or autologous chondrocyte implantation
• If the joint is failing because the leg is out of alignment (bow-legged or knock-kneed) then osteotomy or realignment corrective surgery is needed.
• If the knee is unstable due to a ligament injury then transplantation can be combined with anterior cruciate or posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.